Vaccine Types and Their Benefits
Vaccine Types and Their Benefits - Rumah Sakit Siloam Hospitals
Vaccine Types and Their Benefits
Rumah SakitTue, 07 Jun 2016
Vaccination is an investment for our future health. It helps protects a person, especially infant and young child, from dangerous and fatal illnesses.
The first vaccination stars moments after a baby is born. dr. Jonardi, SpA from Siloam Hospitals Kebon Jeruk says that infants and children are most vulnerable to diseases. “It is very important for infants and children to receive vaccination, which will help them build body immunity against diseases,” says dr. Jonardi. There are a number of recommended vaccines for infants and children, namely
BCG (Bacille Calmette Guérin)
BCG vaccination is given to infants to protect against tuberculosis or TBC, caused by tubercle bacillus bacterium. BCG is administered one time to infant aged 2-3 months old.
Hepatitis B vaccines protects against hepatitis B virus. This virus can cause liver damage in infants. The vaccine is given three times – within 12 hours after birth, at one month old, and at 6 months old.
Polio vaccine protects infants from polio disease and given during the first doctor visit after birth. Booster vaccination is given three times at 2, 4, and 6 months old, and later at 18 months and 5 years old.
DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus)
DPT vaccine aims to build the immune systems in infants against three diseases, diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus. After the first vaccine is given at 2 months old, repeat vaccination is given at 4 and 6 months old, and booster vaccination at 18 months and 5 years old.
Measles vaccination protects infants from measles virus. Even though an infant receives immune system against measles at birth from the mother, as the baby grows this passed immunity weakens. Measles vaccination can be administered starting at 9 months of age.
Other vaccines recommended by dr. Jonardi:
Rotavirus, HiB, PCV (Pneumococcus), Influenza, MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella), Typhoid, Hepatitis A, Varicella, and HPV.
Adults Also Need Vaccines
“A vaccine’s efficacy has time limit, including vaccines administered as children. In a matter of years, the antibody declines. Some last up to 1 year, others up to 5 years. In adults, the antibody is practically non-existent,” says dr. Wiguna. According to him, “That is why it is also important for adults to get vaccinated or repeat vaccination to boost the antibody.” There are several vaccines that are important for adults to get. One of these is DPT, since, dr. Wiguna says, “After 10 years, we may entirely lose the antibody from DPT vaccine, making adults at risk of contracting the diseases. It is recommended to get DPT booster every 10 years.”
Hepatitis B is another vaccine that is important for any age group. “The prevalence rate of hepatitis B in Indonesia is around 10%. Without strong antibody, we have higher risk to be exposed to hepatitis B virus,” dr. Wiguna explains. Influenza vaccine is also recommended for all age groups and needs to be repeated every year, while pneumococcus is especially important for older people aged around 60-65 years old as the age group that is particularly vulnerable to the disease.
“There are other recommended vaccines, namely hepatitis A, repeated every 1-2 years; varicella vaccine, meningitis vaccine especially for those who are travelling to Saudi Arabia, and MMR vaccine especially for women who are planning for pregnancy,” dr. Wiguna remarks.
dr. Jonardi, Sp.A
Born in Padang on September 9, 1955, he graduated from general medicine from the Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, in 1979. In 1990, he earned his specialty degree in pediatrics from the same university.
dr. Candra Wiguna, Sp.PD
Born in Tasikmalaya on 27 April 1982, dr. Wiguna completed general medicine education from Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, in 2006. He attained specialty degree in internal medicine from the same university in 2011.
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